Core blocks are predefined blocks that are named with a leading underscore. Most core blocks have a higher purpose than simple template use:
<?_code _code?> blocks are perhaps the most useful feature of
BML outside of the ability to have global site templates.
These blocks allow template authors to embed pieces of executable Perl code
within the bml page that get executed on the server.
The code you write gets executed in its own package (namespace) called
Any variables you declare in one code block on a page without using
my are carried on to the next
Because the BML parser must evaluate everything on the page before sending the
HTTP headers, make sure you don't print anything.
Any output printed to
STDOUT will just be interpreted as
HTTP headers. How the
_code blocks work is
that you need to return a value at the end.
Whatever value your code fragment returns is what the block evaluates to.
Usually what you end up doing is building a string, concatenating things to it
over and over, and then returning it at the end.
Comment blocks are templates that do not get parsed into resultant text later,
and are useful when HTML style comments
<!-- -->”) are not desired.
Information blocks can be used to include special information about the particular BML page the block is contained in.
Specify and load a required package
Specified page is dynamic, and shouldn't be cached
Specified page is static; ok to cache
Turn off default BML headers
Specify that page has no cacheable content
Declare page specific BML blocks.
Include blocks can be used to integrate a text file straight into a BML file. Include files can be written in BML or plain text.
_e* are a variety of escape blocks, each with a different purpose:
Replace certain ASCII characters with their HTML entity counterparts
Replace certain ASCII characters that can trigger BML blocks (“
<?xml?>”) with their HTML entity counterparts
Escape non-compliant ASCII characters in URLs
Escape text by passing through
eh and then
Multi language blocks are used to interchange certain text blocks with the specified language-domain translation.